It is imperative that the role of corporate governance also change.  How should those in a governance role more effectively support and guide the CEO and executive team to manage change and build organisational resilience?
Thirdly, consider the different strategic postures that can be used to implement a change initiative.
Fourthly, engage in a change audit to identify weaknesses in the mix of change initiatives, and recommend actions that will optimise the change mix to build organisational resilience. More resilient organisations are generally better able to anticipate and respond to change, and are more likely to have a greater percentage of change initiatives occurring earlier in life-cycle terms.  Their modus-operandi is more orientated towards creative or pre-emptive change, rather than adaptive or reactive change.
In highly competitive market circumstances, the most resilient organisations are able to get inside of their competitors’ renewal cycles.  They are able to initiate necessary change in anticipation of market demand earlier than their competitors, and are thus more likely to be seen as market leaders, with all the benefits that accrue to organisations who achieve this status. All those in a corporate governance or strategic leadership role need to embrace the responsibility of managing the multiple elements of change underway at any point in time within and around the organisation.  The effective governance of change may be the most influential factor in building organisational resilience.
We are often asked by our customers to explain how Agile Development is different than Waterfall Development at the highest level.   Simply put, Agile development methods are adaptive and focus on adapting quickly to changing realities. The Waterfall approach focuses on planning what features and tasks are planned for the entire length of the development process.
The downside of the Waterfall approach for large development efforts primarily stem from the world changing so much by the time the project is complete (requirements change, customers involved turnover and new people with new ideas are brought in, or technology advances occur) and the result is either an obsolete deliverable or an over budget project that misses the delivery date.
Sustainable consumption and production (SCP) is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Sustainable consumption has been recognized as an integral element of sustainable development and an issue of paramount importance.
Click on this image to go to a great interactive that also tests your knowledge at the end - a good way to study for the test!
A great mystery is currently plaguing scientists, who are watching the ever-spiraling population of moose with grave concern.
Parasitic conditions, including brainworm, liver flukes and winter ticks, are all thought to contribute towards the disastrous fall of these iconic North American creatures. Researchers are now tasked with tracking moose populations, in a desperate attempt to understand the majestic creatures’ collective plight. Minnesota initiated a program that sought to trace the location of individual creatures, upon their demise. The moose population of Minnesota, particularly within the northeastern sectors of the state, is in a particularly bad way, with a mortality rate that surpasses all other states.
In the event that a moose’s heart stops beating, a text message alert is dispatched to awaiting researchers.
As a result, all moose hunting has been suspended, with the number of moose permits falling quite drastically.
Meanwhile, journalists from OnEarth teamed up with David Pauly, a man who has been working with the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) since his career first began, to gain first-hand experience of a moose retrieval expedition.
After having received one of the afore-mentioned text message alerts for one of their tagged moose subjects, the group, led by Pauly, stumbled across the poor creature, suffering and completely immobilized. The Wildlife Health Program of the Minnesota DNR has identified a number of diseases that the moose has become susceptible to. However, in order for the parasite’s life cycle to be complete, white-tailed deer must be exposed to snails and slugs (gastropods).
A correlation has been drawn between logging and the spread of the ghastly brainworm infection. Liver flukes (Fascioloides magna) are large flatworm parasites and are, again, found in white-tailed deer. Liver flukes don’t impair white-tailed deer, but do wreak havoc on the integrity of the moose liver, carving their way through the organ and causing extensive fibrosis.


A recent study, performed by Ballard et al., (2006), suggested that fluke worms were a major cause of moose deaths across northwestern Minnesota.
They also found that an increase in temperature and rainfall was likely to enhance the reproduction of snails, which carry the unpleasant liver fluke parasite, whilst speeding up the parasite’s life cycle. Up next is the much maligned winter tick (Dermacentor albipictus), spreading in swathes throughout the moose population of North America, and becoming a recent hindrance to New Hampshire moose. Winter ticks have been found on many hoofed animals, but seem to preferentially parasitize moose.
According to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources an individual moose can become infested with thousands of winter ticks, which congregate around the back, neck, shoulders, stomach and anus of the animal. Loss of hair exposes moose to the punishing elements and increases their energy expenditure, as moose spend longer periods grooming.
Tick larvae are most active in the warmer parts of the year, typically during the dry periods of the fall. This has led many researchers to posit that climate change, and an increase in global temperatures, with earlier spring snow melt, to have improved the winter tick’s ability to more effectively complete its life cycle. According to the New York Times, climate change could play a contributory factor, aside from enhancing the infective capacity of the previously mentioned parasites. Although the theory is contentious, it is alleged that heat stress can place greater strain on moose. Ultimately, the decline in the moose population could have a number of other unfortunate consequences. It seems that the recent moose die-off is associated with a vast number of issues, including brainworm, liver flukes, winter ticks, and factors that researchers are likely unaware of.
The primary cause of the moose deaths is the over abundance of electro-magnetic energy in the lower trophesphere, conducted by water and further conducted by the tracking devices applied by science on and in the moose. Domestic animals with computer chip or collar tracking devices are equally at risk (heart attacks). Climate change has much to do with the over abundance of EME frying our atmospheres and species. Please discontinue the use of electronic tracking devices for the Love of God and Life Eternal.
This looks like pretty stressful treatment of wild animals – the stress may come from the research.
The Great Barrier Reef, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981, continues under death threat. The implementation of SCP as an integrated approach helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty. This change towards SCP involves different stakeholders, including business, consumers, policy makers, researchers, scientists, retailers, media, and development cooperation agencies, among others.
The UN Conference on the Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 recognized sustainable consumption and production as an overarching theme to link environmental and developmental challenges.
Throughout North America, the moose population seems destined to dwindle to hapless numbers.
These teams are attuned to ominous text message alerts, signaling the possible demise of yet another moose, whether it be the early hours of the morning, or the final throes of the evening. The moose is a lonesome creature that does not travel as part of a herd, making scientists’ endeavors to follow their movements somewhat of an arduous task.
Investing $1.2 million into sophisticated technology that was capable of achieving this ambitious goal, large numbers of moose were rounded up and tagged with special collars, providing researchers with accurate GPS positioning of each subject.
Precise coordinates are provided to retrieval teams, who are then deployed to scoop up the moose, so as to determine its likely cause of death.


Brainworm actually results from infection by a nematode parasite, which naturally leeches from the white-tailed deer across eastern and central North America. Certain logging practices forced white-tailed deer deep into northern territory, where significant numbers of moose dwell, thereby leading to higher infection rates. For example, the liver damage can weaken the moose, predisposing it to secondary bacterial infections. In the sample they investigated, the research team concluded that fluke worms were responsible for the highest mortality rate. Large clusters of winter ticks interlock their legs and wait amongst patches of vegetation for an unsuspecting animal to brush past. Kristine Rines, working for the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department, states that a single moose can become afflicted with as many as 100,000 ticks. In addition, the ticks’ blood-sucking practices drains them of blood, causing anemia and fatigue.
As they are accustomed to living in cold regions, an overall increase in global temperature is alleged to be responsible for the animals having to expend more energy remaining cooler. 2009, a Moose Advisory Committee, launched by the Department of Natural Resources, released a report that indicated climate change was a threat to the moose population within Minnesota.
Moose-watching tourism is likely to be affected, whilst other animals within the ecosystem are reliant upon these lumbering creatures to create nesting habitats when grazing.
The issue of whether climate change is affecting their population numbers, however, remains an untested hypothesis.
Certain logging practices forced white-tailed deer deep into northern territory, where significant numbers of moose dwell, thereby leading to higher infection rates. The weakened animals are literally eaten alive by a variety of parasitic and fungal action. But one reason of mortality is the lack of natural predators like wolves who kill the sick.
It requires a systemic approach and cooperation among actors operating in the supply chain, from producer to final consumer. Agenda 21 states that the major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment is the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production. The beasts were also non-invasively implanted with transmitters that measured their heart rates and body temperatures.
According to the National Wildlife Federation, the northeast Minnesota population of moose has crashed by 35 percent, since last year alone, leaving fewer than 3,000 still alive.
Also, when adult ticks fall from their host, during the spring, snowfall makes survival increasingly unlikely. It is disgusting how many deer you see on the highway north of Duluth to the Canadian Border. It involves engaging consumers through awareness-raising and education on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing consumers with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others. Ten years later in 2002, world leaders signed the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). As moose are comprised of large amounts of adipose tissue, they putrefy at an accelerated rate, whilst scavenging animals within woodland habitats also help to make light work of these lifeless carcasses.
The more fragile or tender an animal gets, the more likely it will be affected by pests like brain worm, intestinal parasites, ticks, fleas etc.



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